85 Fordham L. Rev. 965 (2016)
"Election Law and the Presidency: An Introduction and Overview"
We elect the President of the United States in a unique and bizarre way. Votes are not cast for the candidate but rather for electors pledged to a candidate. Several weeks after the voters have had their say—on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November—the electors meet in all fifty states and the District of Columbia to choose the President and Vice President—the country’s real Election Day.
Today’s Electoral College is comprised of 538 electors, derived from the total number of U.S. Senators (100) and members of the House of Representatives (435), plus three additional electors from the District of Columbia. Each state’s electoral total is equal to the state’s total number of congressional representatives.